hydro_iact.h 18.1 KB
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/*******************************************************************************
 * This file is part of SWIFT.
 * Coypright (c) 2012 Pedro Gonnet (pedro.gonnet@durham.ac.uk)
 *                    Matthieu Schaller (matthieu.schaller@durham.ac.uk)
 *                    Bert Vandenbroucke (bert.vandenbroucke@ugent.be)
 *
 * This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published
 * by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
 * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 *
 ******************************************************************************/

#include "adiabatic_index.h"
#include "hydro_gradients.h"
#include "riemann.h"
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#include "voronoi_algorithm.h"
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/**
 * @brief Calculate the volume interaction between particle i and particle j
 *
 * The volume is in essence the same as the weighted number of neighbours in a
 * classical SPH density calculation.
 *
 * We also calculate the components of the matrix E, which is used for second
 * order accurate gradient calculations and for the calculation of the interface
 * surface areas.
 *
 * @param r2 Squared distance between particle i and particle j.
 * @param dx Distance vector between the particles (dx = pi->x - pj->x).
 * @param hi Smoothing length of particle i.
 * @param hj Smoothing length of particle j.
 * @param pi Particle i.
 * @param pj Particle j.
 */
__attribute__((always_inline)) INLINE static void runner_iact_density(
    float r2, float *dx, float hi, float hj, struct part *pi, struct part *pj) {

  float r = sqrtf(r2);
  float xi, xj;
  float h_inv;
  float wi, wj, wi_dx, wj_dx;
  int k, l;
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  float mindx[3];

  voronoi_cell_interact(&pi->cell, dx, pj->id);
  mindx[0] = -dx[0];
  mindx[1] = -dx[1];
  mindx[2] = -dx[2];
  voronoi_cell_interact(&pj->cell, mindx, pi->id);
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  /* Compute density of pi. */
  h_inv = 1.0 / hi;
  xi = r * h_inv;
  kernel_deval(xi, &wi, &wi_dx);

  pi->density.wcount += wi;
  pi->density.wcount_dh -= xi * wi_dx;

  /* Density. Needed for h_dt. */
  pi->rho += pj->mass * wi;

  /* these are eqns. (1) and (2) in the summary */
  pi->geometry.volume += wi;
  for (k = 0; k < 3; k++)
    for (l = 0; l < 3; l++) pi->geometry.matrix_E[k][l] += dx[k] * dx[l] * wi;

  /* Compute density of pj. */
  h_inv = 1.0 / hj;
  xj = r * h_inv;
  kernel_deval(xj, &wj, &wj_dx);

  pj->density.wcount += wj;
  pj->density.wcount_dh -= xj * wj_dx;

  /* Density. Needed for h_dt. */
  pj->rho += pi->mass * wi;

  /* these are eqns. (1) and (2) in the summary */
  pj->geometry.volume += wj;
  for (k = 0; k < 3; k++)
    for (l = 0; l < 3; l++) pj->geometry.matrix_E[k][l] += dx[k] * dx[l] * wj;
}

/**
 * @brief Calculate the volume interaction between particle i and particle j:
 * non-symmetric version
 *
 * The volume is in essence the same as the weighted number of neighbours in a
 * classical SPH density calculation.
 *
 * We also calculate the components of the matrix E, which is used for second
 * order accurate gradient calculations and for the calculation of the interface
 * surface areas.
 *
 * @param r2 Squared distance between particle i and particle j.
 * @param dx Distance vector between the particles (dx = pi->x - pj->x).
 * @param hi Smoothing length of particle i.
 * @param hj Smoothing length of particle j.
 * @param pi Particle i.
 * @param pj Particle j.
 */
__attribute__((always_inline)) INLINE static void runner_iact_nonsym_density(
    float r2, float *dx, float hi, float hj, struct part *pi, struct part *pj) {

  float r;
  float xi;
  float h_inv;
  float wi, wi_dx;
  int k, l;

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  voronoi_cell_interact(&pi->cell, dx, pj->id);

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  /* Get r and r inverse. */
  r = sqrtf(r2);

  h_inv = 1.0 / hi;
  xi = r * h_inv;
  kernel_deval(xi, &wi, &wi_dx);

  pi->density.wcount += wi;
  pi->density.wcount_dh -= xi * wi_dx;

  pi->rho += pj->mass * wi;

  /* these are eqns. (1) and (2) in the summary */
  pi->geometry.volume += wi;
  for (k = 0; k < 3; k++)
    for (l = 0; l < 3; l++) pi->geometry.matrix_E[k][l] += dx[k] * dx[l] * wi;
}

/**
 * @brief Calculate the gradient interaction between particle i and particle j
 *
 * This method wraps around hydro_gradients_collect, which can be an empty
 * method, in which case no gradients are used.
 *
 * @param r2 Squared distance between particle i and particle j.
 * @param dx Distance vector between the particles (dx = pi->x - pj->x).
 * @param hi Smoothing length of particle i.
 * @param hj Smoothing length of particle j.
 * @param pi Particle i.
 * @param pj Particle j.
 */
__attribute__((always_inline)) INLINE static void runner_iact_gradient(
    float r2, float *dx, float hi, float hj, struct part *pi, struct part *pj) {

  hydro_gradients_collect(r2, dx, hi, hj, pi, pj);
}

/**
 * @brief Calculate the gradient interaction between particle i and particle j:
 * non-symmetric version
 *
 * This method wraps around hydro_gradients_nonsym_collect, which can be an
 * empty method, in which case no gradients are used.
 *
 * @param r2 Squared distance between particle i and particle j.
 * @param dx Distance vector between the particles (dx = pi->x - pj->x).
 * @param hi Smoothing length of particle i.
 * @param hj Smoothing length of particle j.
 * @param pi Particle i.
 * @param pj Particle j.
 */
__attribute__((always_inline)) INLINE static void runner_iact_nonsym_gradient(
    float r2, float *dx, float hi, float hj, struct part *pi, struct part *pj) {

  hydro_gradients_nonsym_collect(r2, dx, hi, hj, pi, pj);
}

/**
 * @brief Common part of the flux calculation between particle i and j
 *
 * Since the only difference between the symmetric and non-symmetric version
 * of the flux calculation  is in the update of the conserved variables at the
 * very end (which is not done for particle j if mode is 0 and particle j is
 * active), both runner_iact_force and runner_iact_nonsym_force call this
 * method, with an appropriate mode.
 *
 * This method calculates the surface area of the interface between particle i
 * and particle j, as well as the interface position and velocity. These are
 * then used to reconstruct and predict the primitive variables, which are then
 * fed to a Riemann solver that calculates a flux. This flux is used to update
 * the conserved variables of particle i or both particles.
 *
 * This method also calculates the maximal velocity used to calculate the time
 * step.
 *
 * @param r2 Squared distance between particle i and particle j.
 * @param dx Distance vector between the particles (dx = pi->x - pj->x).
 * @param hi Smoothing length of particle i.
 * @param hj Smoothing length of particle j.
 * @param pi Particle i.
 * @param pj Particle j.
 */
__attribute__((always_inline)) INLINE static void runner_iact_fluxes_common(
    float r2, float *dx, float hi, float hj, struct part *pi, struct part *pj,
    int mode) {

  float r = sqrtf(r2);
  float xi, xj;
  float hi_inv, hi_inv_dim;
  float hj_inv, hj_inv_dim;
  float wi, wj, wi_dx, wj_dx;
  int k, l;
  float A[3];
  float Anorm;
  float Bi[3][3];
  float Bj[3][3];
  float Vi, Vj;
  float xij_i[3], xfac, xijdotdx;
  float vmax, dvdotdx;
  float vi[3], vj[3], vij[3];
  float Wi[5], Wj[5];
  float dti, dtj, mindt;
  float n_unit[3];

  /* Initialize local variables */
  for (k = 0; k < 3; k++) {
    for (l = 0; l < 3; l++) {
      Bi[k][l] = pi->geometry.matrix_E[k][l];
      Bj[k][l] = pj->geometry.matrix_E[k][l];
    }
    vi[k] = pi->force.v_full[k]; /* particle velocities */
    vj[k] = pj->force.v_full[k];
  }
  Vi = pi->geometry.volume;
  Vj = pj->geometry.volume;
  Wi[0] = pi->primitives.rho;
  Wi[1] = pi->primitives.v[0];
  Wi[2] = pi->primitives.v[1];
  Wi[3] = pi->primitives.v[2];
  Wi[4] = pi->primitives.P;
  Wj[0] = pj->primitives.rho;
  Wj[1] = pj->primitives.v[0];
  Wj[2] = pj->primitives.v[1];
  Wj[3] = pj->primitives.v[2];
  Wj[4] = pj->primitives.P;

  dti = pi->force.dt;
  dtj = pj->force.dt;

  /* calculate the maximal signal velocity */
  if (Wi[0] && Wj[0]) {
    vmax =
        sqrtf(hydro_gamma * Wi[4] / Wi[0]) + sqrtf(hydro_gamma * Wj[4] / Wj[0]);
  } else {
    vmax = 0.0f;
  }
  dvdotdx = (Wi[1] - Wj[1]) * dx[0] + (Wi[2] - Wj[2]) * dx[1] +
            (Wi[3] - Wj[3]) * dx[2];
  if (dvdotdx > 0.) {
    vmax -= dvdotdx / r;
  }
  pi->timestepvars.vmax = fmaxf(pi->timestepvars.vmax, vmax);
  if (mode == 1) {
    pj->timestepvars.vmax = fmaxf(pj->timestepvars.vmax, vmax);
  }

  /* The flux will be exchanged using the smallest time step of the two
   * particles */
  mindt = fminf(dti, dtj);
  dti = mindt;
  dtj = mindt;

  /* Compute kernel of pi. */
  hi_inv = 1.0 / hi;
  hi_inv_dim = pow_dimension(hi_inv);
  xi = r * hi_inv;
  kernel_deval(xi, &wi, &wi_dx);

  /* Compute kernel of pj. */
  hj_inv = 1.0 / hj;
  hj_inv_dim = pow_dimension(hj_inv);
  xj = r * hj_inv;
  kernel_deval(xj, &wj, &wj_dx);

  /* Compute h_dt */
  float dvdr = (pi->v[0] - pj->v[0]) * dx[0] + (pi->v[1] - pj->v[1]) * dx[1] +
               (pi->v[2] - pj->v[2]) * dx[2];
  float ri = 1.0f / r;
  float hidp1 = pow_dimension_plus_one(hi_inv);
  float hjdp1 = pow_dimension_plus_one(hj_inv);
  float wi_dr = hidp1 * wi_dx;
  float wj_dr = hjdp1 * wj_dx;
  dvdr *= ri;
  pi->force.h_dt -= pj->mass * dvdr / pj->rho * wi_dr;
  if (mode == 1) {
    pj->force.h_dt -= pi->mass * dvdr / pi->rho * wj_dr;
  }

  /* Compute area */
  /* eqn. (7) */
  Anorm = 0.0f;
  for (k = 0; k < 3; k++) {
    /* we add a minus sign since dx is pi->x - pj->x */
    A[k] = -Vi * (Bi[k][0] * dx[0] + Bi[k][1] * dx[1] + Bi[k][2] * dx[2]) * wi *
               hi_inv_dim -
           Vj * (Bj[k][0] * dx[0] + Bj[k][1] * dx[1] + Bj[k][2] * dx[2]) * wj *
               hj_inv_dim;
    Anorm += A[k] * A[k];
  }

  if (!Anorm) {
    /* if the interface has no area, nothing happens and we return */
    /* continuing results in dividing by zero and NaN's... */
    return;
  }

  /* compute the normal vector of the interface */
  Anorm = sqrtf(Anorm);
  for (k = 0; k < 3; k++) n_unit[k] = A[k] / Anorm;

  /* Compute interface position (relative to pi, since we don't need the actual
   * position) */
  /* eqn. (8) */
  xfac = hi / (hi + hj);
  for (k = 0; k < 3; k++) xij_i[k] = -xfac * dx[k];

  /* Compute interface velocity */
  /* eqn. (9) */
  xijdotdx = xij_i[0] * dx[0] + xij_i[1] * dx[1] + xij_i[2] * dx[2];
  for (k = 0; k < 3; k++) vij[k] = vi[k] + (vi[k] - vj[k]) * xijdotdx / r2;

  /* complete calculation of position of interface */
  /* NOTE: dx is not necessarily just pi->x - pj->x but can also contain
           correction terms for periodicity. If we do the interpolation,
           we have to use xij w.r.t. the actual particle.
           => we need a separate xij for pi and pj... */
  /* tldr: we do not need the code below, but we do need the same code as above
     but then
     with i and j swapped */
  //    for ( k = 0 ; k < 3 ; k++ )
  //      xij[k] += pi->x[k];

  /* Boost the primitive variables to the frame of reference of the interface */
  /* Note that velocities are indices 1-3 in W */
  Wi[1] -= vij[0];
  Wi[2] -= vij[1];
  Wi[3] -= vij[2];
  Wj[1] -= vij[0];
  Wj[2] -= vij[1];
  Wj[3] -= vij[2];

  hydro_gradients_predict(pi, pj, hi, hj, dx, r, xij_i, Wi, Wj, mindt);

  /* we don't need to rotate, we can use the unit vector in the Riemann problem
   * itself (see GIZMO) */

  if (Wi[0] < 0.0f || Wj[0] < 0.0f || Wi[4] < 0.0f || Wj[4] < 0.0f) {
    printf("mindt: %g\n", mindt);
    printf("WL: %g %g %g %g %g\n", pi->primitives.rho, pi->primitives.v[0],
           pi->primitives.v[1], pi->primitives.v[2], pi->primitives.P);
#ifdef USE_GRADIENTS
    printf("dWL: %g %g %g %g %g\n", dWi[0], dWi[1], dWi[2], dWi[3], dWi[4]);
#endif
    printf("gradWL[0]: %g %g %g\n", pi->primitives.gradients.rho[0],
           pi->primitives.gradients.rho[1], pi->primitives.gradients.rho[2]);
    printf("gradWL[1]: %g %g %g\n", pi->primitives.gradients.v[0][0],
           pi->primitives.gradients.v[0][1], pi->primitives.gradients.v[0][2]);
    printf("gradWL[2]: %g %g %g\n", pi->primitives.gradients.v[1][0],
           pi->primitives.gradients.v[1][1], pi->primitives.gradients.v[1][2]);
    printf("gradWL[3]: %g %g %g\n", pi->primitives.gradients.v[2][0],
           pi->primitives.gradients.v[2][1], pi->primitives.gradients.v[2][2]);
    printf("gradWL[4]: %g %g %g\n", pi->primitives.gradients.P[0],
           pi->primitives.gradients.P[1], pi->primitives.gradients.P[2]);
    printf("WL': %g %g %g %g %g\n", Wi[0], Wi[1], Wi[2], Wi[3], Wi[4]);
    printf("WR: %g %g %g %g %g\n", pj->primitives.rho, pj->primitives.v[0],
           pj->primitives.v[1], pj->primitives.v[2], pj->primitives.P);
#ifdef USE_GRADIENTS
    printf("dWR: %g %g %g %g %g\n", dWj[0], dWj[1], dWj[2], dWj[3], dWj[4]);
#endif
    printf("gradWR[0]: %g %g %g\n", pj->primitives.gradients.rho[0],
           pj->primitives.gradients.rho[1], pj->primitives.gradients.rho[2]);
    printf("gradWR[1]: %g %g %g\n", pj->primitives.gradients.v[0][0],
           pj->primitives.gradients.v[0][1], pj->primitives.gradients.v[0][2]);
    printf("gradWR[2]: %g %g %g\n", pj->primitives.gradients.v[1][0],
           pj->primitives.gradients.v[1][1], pj->primitives.gradients.v[1][2]);
    printf("gradWR[3]: %g %g %g\n", pj->primitives.gradients.v[2][0],
           pj->primitives.gradients.v[2][1], pj->primitives.gradients.v[2][2]);
    printf("gradWR[4]: %g %g %g\n", pj->primitives.gradients.P[0],
           pj->primitives.gradients.P[1], pj->primitives.gradients.P[2]);
    printf("WR': %g %g %g %g %g\n", Wj[0], Wj[1], Wj[2], Wj[3], Wj[4]);
    error("Negative density or pressure!\n");
  }

  float totflux[5];
  riemann_solve_for_flux(Wi, Wj, n_unit, vij, totflux);

  /* Update conserved variables */
  /* eqn. (16) */
  pi->conserved.flux.mass -= dti * Anorm * totflux[0];
  pi->conserved.flux.momentum[0] -= dti * Anorm * totflux[1];
  pi->conserved.flux.momentum[1] -= dti * Anorm * totflux[2];
  pi->conserved.flux.momentum[2] -= dti * Anorm * totflux[3];
  pi->conserved.flux.energy -= dti * Anorm * totflux[4];

  float ekin = 0.5f * (pi->primitives.v[0] * pi->primitives.v[0] +
                       pi->primitives.v[1] * pi->primitives.v[1] +
                       pi->primitives.v[2] * pi->primitives.v[2]);
  pi->conserved.flux.energy += dti * Anorm * totflux[1] * pi->primitives.v[0];
  pi->conserved.flux.energy += dti * Anorm * totflux[2] * pi->primitives.v[1];
  pi->conserved.flux.energy += dti * Anorm * totflux[3] * pi->primitives.v[2];
  pi->conserved.flux.energy -= dti * Anorm * totflux[0] * ekin;

  /* here is how it works:
     Mode will only be 1 if both particles are ACTIVE and they are in the same
     cell. In this case, this method IS the flux calculation for particle j, and
     we HAVE TO UPDATE it.
     Mode 0 can mean several things: it can mean that particle j is INACTIVE, in
     which case we NEED TO UPDATE it, since otherwise the flux is lost from the
     system and the conserved variable is not conserved.
     It can also mean that particle j sits in another cell and is ACTIVE. In
     this case, the flux exchange for particle j is done TWICE and we SHOULD NOT
     UPDATE particle j.
     ==> we update particle j if (MODE IS 1) OR (j IS INACTIVE)
  */
  if (mode == 1 || pj->ti_end > pi->ti_end) {
    pj->conserved.flux.mass += dtj * Anorm * totflux[0];
    pj->conserved.flux.momentum[0] += dtj * Anorm * totflux[1];
    pj->conserved.flux.momentum[1] += dtj * Anorm * totflux[2];
    pj->conserved.flux.momentum[2] += dtj * Anorm * totflux[3];
    pj->conserved.flux.energy += dtj * Anorm * totflux[4];

    ekin = 0.5f * (pj->primitives.v[0] * pj->primitives.v[0] +
                   pj->primitives.v[1] * pj->primitives.v[1] +
                   pj->primitives.v[2] * pj->primitives.v[2]);
    pj->conserved.flux.energy -= dtj * Anorm * totflux[1] * pj->primitives.v[0];
    pj->conserved.flux.energy -= dtj * Anorm * totflux[2] * pj->primitives.v[1];
    pj->conserved.flux.energy -= dtj * Anorm * totflux[3] * pj->primitives.v[2];
    pj->conserved.flux.energy += dtj * Anorm * totflux[0] * ekin;
  }
}

/**
 * @brief Flux calculation between particle i and particle j
 *
 * This method calls runner_iact_fluxes_common with mode 1.
 *
 * @param r2 Squared distance between particle i and particle j.
 * @param dx Distance vector between the particles (dx = pi->x - pj->x).
 * @param hi Smoothing length of particle i.
 * @param hj Smoothing length of particle j.
 * @param pi Particle i.
 * @param pj Particle j.
 */
__attribute__((always_inline)) INLINE static void runner_iact_force(
    float r2, float *dx, float hi, float hj, struct part *pi, struct part *pj) {

  runner_iact_fluxes_common(r2, dx, hi, hj, pi, pj, 1);
}

/**
 * @brief Flux calculation between particle i and particle j: non-symmetric
 * version
 *
 * This method calls runner_iact_fluxes_common with mode 0.
 *
 * @param r2 Squared distance between particle i and particle j.
 * @param dx Distance vector between the particles (dx = pi->x - pj->x).
 * @param hi Smoothing length of particle i.
 * @param hj Smoothing length of particle j.
 * @param pi Particle i.
 * @param pj Particle j.
 */
__attribute__((always_inline)) INLINE static void runner_iact_nonsym_force(
    float r2, float *dx, float hi, float hj, struct part *pi, struct part *pj) {

  runner_iact_fluxes_common(r2, dx, hi, hj, pi, pj, 0);
}

//// EMPTY VECTORIZED VERSIONS (gradients methods are missing...)

__attribute__((always_inline)) INLINE static void runner_iact_vec_density(
    float *R2, float *Dx, float *Hi, float *Hj, struct part **pi,
    struct part **pj) {}

__attribute__((always_inline)) INLINE static void
runner_iact_nonsym_vec_density(float *R2, float *Dx, float *Hi, float *Hj,
                               struct part **pi, struct part **pj) {}

__attribute__((always_inline)) INLINE static void runner_iact_vec_force(
    float *R2, float *Dx, float *Hi, float *Hj, struct part **pi,
    struct part **pj) {}

__attribute__((always_inline)) INLINE static void runner_iact_nonsym_vec_force(
    float *R2, float *Dx, float *Hi, float *Hj, struct part **pi,
    struct part **pj) {}